Category: Art Nouveau
Art Nouevau is decorative-art movement centered in Western Europe. It began in the 1880s as a reaction against the historical emphasis of mid-19th-century art, but did not survive World WarI. Art nouveau originated in London and was variously called Jugendstil in Germany, Sezessionstil in Austria, and Modernismo in Spain.
In general it was most successfully practiced in the decorative arts: furniture, jewelry, and book design and illustration. The style was richly ornamental and asymmetrical, characterized by a whiplash linearity reminiscent of twining plant tendrils. Its exponents chose themes fraught with symbolism, frequently of an erotic nature. They imbued their designs with dreamlike and exotic forms.
The outstanding designers of art nouveau in England include the graphic artist Aubrey Beardsley, A. H. Mackmurdo, Charles Ricketts, Walter Crane, and the Scottish architect Charles R. Mackintosh; in Belgium the architects Henry Van de Velde and Victor Horta; in France the architect and designer of the Paris métro entrances, Hector Guimard, and the jewelry designer René Lalique; in Austria the painter Gustav Klimt; in Spain the architect Antonio Gaudí; in Germany the illustrator Otto Eckmann and the architect Peter Behrens; in Italy the originator of the ornamental Floreale style, Giuseppe Sommaruga; and in the United States Louis Sullivan, whose architecture was dressed with art nouveau detail, and the designer of elegant glassware Louis C. Tiffany.
The aesthetics of the movement were disseminated through various illustrated periodicals including The Century Guild Hobby Horse (1894), The Dial (1889), The Studio (begun, 1893), The Yellow Book (1894–95), and The Savoy (1896–98). The works of Beardsley and Tiffany were especially popular.
Vintage Gladiator Cycles, 1895 Wrapped Canvas Print
Vintage Art Nouveau Poster; Unknown Artist
Vintage illustration Art Nouveau poster for Gladiator Cycles. c. 1895. A nude woman with long red hair is riding the bicycle but appears to be flying in the night sky with stars.
Stylised Art Nouveau Woman Triptych
This art nouveau wrapped canvas features two digital watercolour versions of a stylised female figure in the Glasgow style. The subject is based upon drawings for a mirror frame design by either Frances or Margaret MacDonald. In the right facing painting, the sun disc is shown in mottled purpless and mauves and the dress panel is pale green. On the left facing panel, the disc is in mottled pinks and yellows and the dress panel is pale blue. Whilst the original sketch is in the public domain, this piece is not a copy, it is an original work and is therefore subject to copyright.
From 1876 to 1883 Gustav Klimt attended the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts and from 1879 he started working with his brother Ernst Klimt on decorative paintings, designed for public buildings in Vienna, Bucharest and Rijeka. In 1897 Klimt was one of the founding members of the Vienna Secession. He was chairman until he resigned in 1905. Gustav Klimt created a new and highly individual style in the Austrian art world. He broke with the conventional academic ideals.
Especially Klimt’s later work is defined by the use of intensive colors, golden backgrounds, ornamental layouts, erotic elements and heavy symbolism. Although his work was controversal, Klimt had a strong influence on the cultural world of his time and established himself as a very popular painter in the Viennese society. In Vienna’s museums you can admire some of his most famous works. The Museum of Applied Arts is proud of its collection.
At the Belvedere you can take in ‘Der Kuss’ (The Kiss) in all its glory. The Kiss is probably now one of the most famous pictures in the world and is to be found everywhere from apartments to hotel lobbies