Tag: educational posters
Famed throughout the ancient world for her outstanding beauty, queen Nefertiti remains one of the most well known of the queens of Egypt. Nefertiti was the Wife of Akhenaten during the Eighteenth Dynasty. She bore Akhenaten 6 daughters and no sons, and shared a near co-rulership with the king.
Fifteen years after her appointment to the position of Queen of Memphis, Nefertiti mysteriously disappeared. Egyptologists have assumed that this was either due to banishment or her death. However, little evidence suggests that she actually died. Similarly, speculation exists as to whether she was the obscure pharaoh Neferneferuaten.
Nefertiti was the chief wife (queen) of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep IV who took the name Akhenaten when he led a religious revolution which put the sun god Aten at the center of religious worship. Art from the time shows a close family relationship, with Nefertiti, Akhenaten, and their six daughters depicted more naturalistically, individualistically, and informally than in other eras. Images of Nefertiti also depict her taking an active role in the Aten cult.
What Happened to Nefertiti?
After about fourteen years, Nefertiti disappears from public view. Akhenaten was succeeded first by one Pharaoh, Smenkhkhare, usually described as his son-in-law, and then by another, Tutankhaten (who changed his name to Tutankhamen when the Aten cult was abandoned), who is also usually described as Akhenaten’s son-in-law.
One theory of Nefertiti’s disappearance is that she assumed a male identity and ruled under the name Smenkhkhare. In another theory, she was murdered as part of the return to the traditional Egyptian religious customs. Another is that she simply died.
As for Nefertiti’s origins, these too are debated by archaeologists and historians. She may have been a foreign princess from an area in what is now northern Iraq. She may have been the daughter of the previous Pharaoh, Amenhotep III, and his chief wife, Queen Tiy, in which case either Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) was not the son of Amenhotep III, or Nefertiti married (as was a custom in Egypt) her brother or half-brother. Or, she may have been the daughter of Ay, who was a brother of Queen Tiy.
The Wheel of Life symbolizes the Tibetan Buddhist perspective on life and it contains many themes and symbols of Buddhist teachings.
The creature turns the wheel of life and it holds in its claws is Yama, a wrathful deity and the Lord of Death. Yama symbolizes the inevitability of death, samsara and the impermanence of all things. This does not lead to despair, however, because outside of the wheel is the Buddha, who shows the way to liberation (symbolized by the moon).
The inner circle of the wheel contains symbols of the three root delusions: hatred (snake), ignorance (rooster), and greed (pork).
The ring around the center is the karma, with the numbers on the left to climb to more realms of existence because of virtuous actions, and the numbers on the right descending to the lower realms of existence because of bad deeds or ignorant.
The central ring of the wheel (the areas between the spokes) symbolizes the six realms of existence. The upper half, left to right, represent the three highest spheres of life: humans, gods and demigods. The bottom half shows the three lower realms of existence: animals, hell beings and hungry ghosts.
The outer ring represents the 12 original dependent relationship, as follows:
Right next to the upper part is a blind man with his cane, which is ignorance of the true nature of the world.
Moving clockwise, a potter molding a pot symbolizes that we shape our own destiny with our actions throughout the operation of karma.
Monkey climbing a tree represents consciousness or mind, which wanders aimlessly and out of control.
Consciousness gives rise to name and form, which is symbolized by persons traveling in a boat on the river of life.
The next link is an empty house, doors and windows that symbolize the sense organs in development. Buddha has six senses: sight, smell, taste, hearing, touch and thought.
The six senses allow us to have contact with the world, which is symbolized by lovers embracing.
Contact born of feeling, which we classify as pleasant, unpleasant or neutral. Feelings are represented on the wheel like an arrow piercing the eye.
Feeling born of desire or attachment to pleasant feelings and experiences, symbolized by a couple falling in love or drinking man.
Desire or attachment leads to grasp for an object of desire, symbolized by a monkey picking fruit.
Capture the existence arises, represented by a man and woman making love.
Existence culminates in the birth (entry into the human realm), which is symbolized by a woman in childbirth.
Birth naturally leads to aging and death, which is symbolized by an old man carrying a burden.
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The Hindenburg was the beginning and the end of the transatlantic airships. This 804-foot airship filled with more than 7 million cubic feet of hydrogen is a culmination of his age. Never before or since has a larger aircraft flight taken. However, the explosion of the Hindenburg changed the landscape of lighter-than air craft forever.
May 6, 1937, the Hindenburg carrying 61 crew members and 36 passengers arrived hours late at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey. Bad weather forced the delay. Shaken by the wind and rain, the craft hovered in the region by most accounts for about one hour. The presence of storms were recorded. The landing of the Hindenburg with these types of conditions contrary to the regulations.
However, when the Hindenburg began its landing, the weather was clear. The Hindenburg seems to have been moving at a speed fast enough for landing and for any reason, the captain attempted a high landing, being winched to the ground from a height of about 200 feet. Shortly after the ropes have been fixed, some witnesses reported a blue glow over the Hindenburg followed by a flame toward the rear of the machine.
The flame was almost simultaneously replaced by an explosion that quickly engulfed the craft causing it to crash into the ground killing 36 people. Spectators watched in horror as the crew and passengers were burned alive or jumped to his death. As Herb Morrison announced on the radio: “It’s on fire…. Get out of the way, please, oh, it’s terrible… Oh, the humanity and all the passengers.”
The day after this horrible tragedy occurred, the newspapers began to speculate on the cause of the disaster. Until this incident, German zeppelins were safe and very successful. Many theories have been discussed and studied: sabotage, mechanical breakdown, hydrogen explosions, lightning, or even the possibility that he was shot in the sky.
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American Flag Freedom American Eagle Poster by made_in_atlantis
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The Ten Commandments
1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
4. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.
5. Honor thy Father & thy Mother.
6. Thou shalt not kill.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8. Thou shalt not steal.
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
10. Thou shalt not covet.
Astrophysicists have deduced the age of the Universe (dated from the Big Bang) to be 13.7 billion years.
Imagine that the entire history of the universe is compressed into one year – with the Big Bang corresponding to the first second of the New Year’s Day, and the present time to the last second of December 31st (midnight).
Using this scale of time, each month would equal a little over a billion years. Here’s a closer look at when important events would occur when we imagine the universe in one year: The Universe in One Year was inspired by the late astronomer, Carl Sagan (1934-1996). Sagan was the first person to explain the history of the universe in one year-as a “Cosmic Calendar”-in his television series, Cosmos.
Within the scheme of the Cosmic Calendar, an average human life of 70-80 years is equivalent to approximately 0.16 cosmic seconds!
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