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Frida Kahlo (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954)
Frida Kahlo was born Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón in her parents’ house in Coyoacán, which was then a small town on the outskirts of Mexico City. His father was a painter and photographer of German-Jewish origin, whose family is originally from Oradea, Romania.
Following a crippling traffic accident in 1925, Kahlo turned her attention from a medical career to painting. Based on his experience, his works are often shocking in their representation of Stark pain and the harsh life of women. Fifty-five of his 143 paintings are self-portraits that incorporate personal symbolism complete with graphic anatomical references. She was also influenced by indigenous Mexican culture, aspects of which she depicts in vivid color, with a mixture of realism and symbolism.
Her paintings have attracted the attention of the artist Diego Rivera, whom she later married, divorced and remarried. An active supporter of communism, it would have had an affair with Leon Trotsky, who was assassinated by agents of Stalin in Mexico in 1940.
Although Kahlo’s work is sometimes classified as surrealist and she did exhibit several times with European surrealists, she disputed the label. His concern themes of women and figurative candor with which she expressed was something of a feminist cult figure in the last decades of the 20th century.
She probably committed suicide July 13, 1954, his ashes placed in a pre-Columbian urn which are exhibited in her former home La Casa Azul in Coyoacán, which has been transformed into a museum containing a number of his works.
A biography documentary containing archival footage, entitled Frida Kahlo, was released in 1982 in Germany. In 1984, director Paul Le Duc, released the film Frida naturaleza viva, which highlights Ofelia Medina as Frida Kahlo. In 2002, Miramax released a film called Frida, with Salma Hayek in the title role.